The CDC named this week "Get Smart About Antibiotics Week" in an effort to increase awareness about the threat of bacterial resistance to antibiotics, and food animal veterinarians are involved in the effort. Several organizations provide stringent guidelines for appropriate use of antibiotic therapy, including the AVMA, which features guidelines for dairy cattle, beef cattle and swine on the AVMA website.
Yale University researchers recently found that the deer tick, known to carry and transmit Lyme disease to animals and people, also harbors Babesia microti and likely transmits more deer tick virus to humans than previously thought. Furthermore, the researchers found the Lyme parasite bolstered B. microti populations. "We increasingly need to apply the most sophisticated genetic tools to identify the numerous new tick-borne microbes that have the theoretical capacity to infect humans," said researcher Sam Telford of Tufts University's Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine.
Diabetes occurs in pets when the pancreas doesn't produce sufficient insulin or cells can no longer respond appropriately to insulin, writes veterinarian Julianne Miller. Common signs in dogs and cats include greater drinking and urinating, increased hunger, lethargy and poor coat quality. Blood and urine tests confirm the diagnosis. Insulin injections given daily along with a specific diet are the standard treatments for diabetes, notes Dr. Miller, who adds that working closely with your veterinarian will help ensure good management of a pet's diabetes.
Anterior cruciate ligament rupture occurs in canine knees and is similar to the injury sustained by humans. The condition can be corrected with surgery that is becoming increasingly common for dogs. At Iowa State University's College of Veterinary Medicine, surgeons perform roughly 300 such surgeries yearly.
Pet insurance can help animal owners make the best medical decisions for their pets without fear of financial hardship, but it's essential to have the right policy. According to the North American Pet Health Insurance Association, there are three types of policies with varying degrees of coverage and costs. This series addresses considerations for owners, offers resources and includes input from veterinarian Jerald Gemar, who weighs in with the most and least important policy features, considerations regarding payout caps and more.