Recent data show that teaching colleges are producing more elementary-school teachers than there are available jobs. The issue is complex, observers say, and solutions difficult. "If you increase the number of elementary teachers beyond what the market will bear, you are going to be forcing far too many trainees into an overburdened K-12 system," said Arthur McKee, managing director of teacher-preparation studies at the National Council on Teacher Quality. "We need to have some equilibrium so we can set up strong clinical programs. And everybody wants to do that," he added.