When a pet doesn't respond to treatment or needs an advanced surgical or radiological procedure, most general practice veterinarians will consult with or refer their patients to specialists, veterinarians who have received at least two additional years of specialized, in-depth training in a particular area of veterinary medicine, writes veterinarian Greg Perrault. The AVMA recognizes 41 veterinary specialty fields, including emergency and critical care, internal medicine, dermatology, neurology and surgery.

Related Summaries