Cosmetic kits in the U.K. dating from when the area was under Roman control reveal tools that were most likely used to treat a painful type of chlamydia that infects the eye and turns the eyelashes inward, scraping the cornea. Left untreated, it can cause blindness. "We have ethnographic examples from modern Africa and historical examples from ancient India that show utensils, such as tweezers and rasps, were used to pluck in-turned eyelashes and to scour away the afflicted eyelids," said Wendy Morrison of the University of Oxford's Institute of Archaeology.

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