Bovine viral diarrhea is a significant source of respiratory illness, immune suppression, embryonic death, abortions and low calving rates, Kentucky state veterinarian Robert Stout said at the National Institute for Animal Agriculture conference. Persistently infected calves are the main source of dissemination, Dr. Stout said, and identifying and separating those animals early would help curb the spread. BVD is a reportable disease in Kentucky, unlike many states, but more outreach is needed along with assistance for producers who follow BVD control measures, Dr. Stout said.
The American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care is developing a nationwide network of trauma centers for animals to provide owners and referring veterinarians the highest possible level of care for animals, much like at trauma centers available to humans. The network already has nine hospitals, each with a variety of specialists available at all hours. The clinicians will conduct studies to enhance the veterinary emergency and critical care scientific literature.
Retired veterinarian Samuel Tate spends his days advocating for and developing options for animals amid human evacuations for hurricanes and other disasters. "I approach the issue from a public health standpoint," Dr. Tate said, noting that if people can't take pets on public transportation or to a shelter during an emergency evacuation situation, they won't evacuate.
An Oklahoma man has died of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, according to state officials. The case marks the third hantavirus-related death in the state since the disease was first documented in the U.S. in 1993. Officials are urging people to take precautions when cleaning out cabins or other spaces that may have been vacant over the winter. People typically become infected if exposed to viral particles in deer mouse droppings.
The Nebraska State Fair announced it will require cattle entering the fairgrounds to be tested for BVD-PI this year in an effort to prevent its spread. Though the state does not require all cattle to be tested for bovine virus diarrhea, the state veterinarian supports the move. "BVD-PI is potentially a high-impact disease that can cause abortions in bred animals if a susceptible animal comes in contact with a positive animal," said state veterinarian Dr. Dennis Hughes.