Researchers seek to better understand conifer biology after sequencing the genome of the Norway spruce. The genome is long, made up of 20 billion pairs of DNA base letters that store genetic information. The human genome is made up of about 3 billion base pairs. Plant biochemist Joerg Bohlmann, a co-author of the study from the University of British Columbia, said the genome will help scientists with challenges such as "insect resistance, wood quality, growth rates and adaptation to changing climate."

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