Smaller restaurant franchises are being cautious about expanding until they can assess the full costs of implementing changes related to the Affordable Care Act. The CEO of East Coast Wings & Grill owner ECW Enterprises, Sam Ballas, has imposed a three- to five-unit limit on the number of eateries franchisees can own until the 26-unit chain sees how much the changes will cost. "There is no question that the Affordable Care Act has thrown a wet blanket on franchise development," IFA President and CEO Steve Caldeira said.

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