On June 7, the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in favor of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's 2011 decision to approve Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator's renewable energy program that required paying for new power lines to make out-of-state renewable energy such as wind power accessible in the state. "Michigan cannot, without violating the commerce clause of Article I of the Constitution, discriminate against out-of-state renewable energy," Judge Richard Posner wrote in the decision.

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