The FDA recently approved a test that distinguishes among various hepatitis C virus strains based on genotype. The test could lead to better outcomes because different strains of HCV respond to different drugs, the FDA says. The test is approved for use in patients already diagnosed with HCV and is not approved to screen for HCV in blood or blood products or in tissue donors.
Researchers found that eating certain foods, including apples, broccoli and cauliflower, might help stop the immune system from attacking normal intestinal flora, thereby removing the stimulus for inflammation and fibrosis formation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Though diet choices can help alleviate IBD symptoms, doctors may still recommend surgery to remove fibrotic or scarred areas of the intestine in some patients with IBD.
A blood test for levels of a microRNA called miR-21 accurately identified up to 92% of patients with colorectal cancer and up to 82% of those with advanced polyps, Baylor University researchers report in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
Patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer during a colonoscopy screening generally had earlier-stage disease and better survival rates, according to a study by researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School. The study found patients whose cancer was not diagnosed by colonoscopy had a recurrence rate of 13%, compared with 6% for those who had colonoscopy, as well as higher risk for invasive and metastatic tumors, higher death rates and shorter survival times.
At a Bloomberg event in New York, Prosiris Capital Management founder Reza Ali noted the situation of SNS Reaal, the bonds of which were expropriated by the Dutch government. Bondholders were exposed to losses, and concerns were raised about credit default swaps. ISDA has proposed altering CDS rules to insure against conversions into equity, exchanges and debt write-downs.