Researchers at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh said children who live at least five years after an intestine transplant generally have good health but may experience slower than normal growth. These children usually take immunosuppression drugs at low doses, are steroid-free and have nutritional autonomy, which Dr. Beverly Kosmach-Park said should free up researchers to focus on quality of life issues.
Surgical intervention yielded substantial improvements in health-related quality of life scores among pediatric patients with high-grade spondylolisthesis, according to a Canadian study published in The Spine Journal. Surgical patients with low baseline HRQOL scores benefited the most from the procedure, researchers said.
With the Affordable Care Act's health insurance marketplaces, policymakers are trying to create "a culture of coverage," insurance agent Michael Lujan from Covered California said at a workshop for agents and small-business owners. The law does not require small-business owners with 50 or fewer workers to provide coverage, but employers that offer premium assistance will be eligible for federal tax credits.
Children born to mothers who smoked 10 or more cigarettes each day while pregnant had more conduct problems at 4 years to 10 years of age compared with peers whose mothers did not smoke, according to an analysis in the journal JAMA Psychiatry. Researchers noted that the impact of prenatal smoking on children's behavior was similar for those who were raised by adoptive mothers.
Data on more than 135,000 babies born with heart defects between 2000 and 2006 showed no evidence that outside temperatures overall during the third to eighth week of pregnancy were associated with a greater likelihood of heart defects. However, Israeli researchers noted that an increase in winter temperatures to almost summer levels during pregnancy raised the chances of multiple heart defects by about 13%. The findings were published in the journal Human Reproduction.