Produce growers in Southern Australia spend millions to protect their crops from fruit-fly outbreaks, taking precautions that satisfy export markets including Japan and the U.S. But China's quarantine officials overlook its fruit-fly-free status and insist the fruit go through cold sterilization before entering the country, says Sen. Anne Ruston. "A major benefit of South Australia's fruit fly area freedom status is that produce from the state usually does not require expensive cold treatment for export," she said.

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