The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that urinalysis or urine culture be performed before prescribing antibiotics to children aged 2 months to 24 months for treatment of urinary tract infections, but researchers found that many doctors skipped these tests. Urinalysis was conducted in 76% of 40,603 UTIs treated with antibiotics in 28,678 children, while a urine culture was collected in 57% of cases. Of all the age groups, patients younger than age 2 were the least likely to undergo such tests, according to the study published in the journal Pediatrics.

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