Globally, the mortality rate for children under age 5 has been cut in half since 1990, says a report from UNICEF, the World Health Organization and World Bank. While countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have successfully reduced child deaths by 50% or more, those in West and Central Africa have not. UNICEF estimates that 6.6 million children younger than 5 died last year, mainly from malaria, pneumonia and diarrhea.

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