Pregnant women with a history of depression were at increased risk for diabetes during pregnancy, according to a 135-patient study in the Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. A history of depression was 3.79 times more common among women with gestational diabetes than those without.
Data on more than 44,000 women showed about 47% gained excessive weight, 32% were within Institute of Medicine weight-gain recommendations and 20% gained too few pounds, CDC researchers reported in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology. Women who were overweight or obese were more likely to gain weight beyond recommended levels for pregnancy, the study found. Gaining too much weight during pregnancy can raise health risks for both the mother and baby, researchers noted.
Pregnant women with a body mass index of 35 or higher who lost weight or gained less than the recommended 11 to 20 pounds had a lower risk of having a large baby or undergoing cesarean section than those in the recommended weight-gain range, according to a study of more than 46,000 obese pregnant women published in Obstetrics & Gynecology. The researcher said the study suggests that gaining less than the recommended weight or even losing pounds is "at least not harmful" for severely obese pregnant women, although the study did not determine a safe weight-loss range.