Both dogs and cats can get diabetes, writes veterinarian Janice Huntingford, but dogs have type 1, while 70% of cats with diabetes develop type 2. Insulin is the mainstay of treatment for both species, combined with a diet that addresses the individual animal's condition. Dr. Huntingford notes that most veterinarians use commercial pet food intended for animals with diabetes, and she advises owners not to embark on a homemade diet for animals with diabetes -- or any pets -- without consulting with a veterinarian.

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