Medical identity theft in the U.S. has risen almost 20% since last year, according to the Ponemon Institute's 2013 Survey on Medical Identity Theft. However, more than half of patients don't check their health records, and when patients notice unfamiliar claims, more than half don't report them. "One of the more serious aspects of medical identity theft, unlike traditional financial identity theft crime, is that in the extreme, this could lead to your death," said Larry Ponemon, institute chairman and founder.

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