Children with anemia who reside in high-altitude areas had lower oxygen saturation and higher hemoglobin levels upon diagnosis of pneumonia compared with anemic children living at lower altitudes, according to a study in the journal Pediatrics. Children with both conditions who live at higher altitudes had lower systolic blood pressure and a lower likelihood of responding to treatment, researchers said. "Prevention and treatment of anemia should be a priority in children living at high altitude and could improve outcomes of pneumonia," they concluded.

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