Cardiovascular mortality rates have decreased, but the number of people with cardiovascular disease, along with associated costs, likely will increase as the U.S. population ages, Weill Cornell Medical College researchers wrote in Health Affairs. The authors said reducing obesity, blood pressure and cholesterol are likely to have the biggest impact on preventing cardiovascular disease. "Our findings suggest that substantial reductions in incidence are crucial: otherwise, improvements in mortality from cardiovascular disease (along with aging and obesity trends) will lead to a troubling increase in prevalence," the authors wrote.

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