Continuing widespread use of vitamin D for osteoporosis prevention in community-dwelling adults without specific risk factors for vitamin D deficiency seems to be inappropriate. (Free registration required.)
A study found weight loss over 20 years was linked with a higher risk of mild cognitive impairment or dementia for women over age 80, researchers reported. The study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society included 1,289 community-dwelling women.
A government-funded fall prevention program for community-dwelling seniors, which included coordination with primary care physicians, reduced the incidence of falls and the need for long-term care services related to falls when compared with a control group, according to a study in Health Affairs. Research showed a savings of $1.68 on long-term care services and support for every $1 invested in the program.
Are there different postoperative practices of care for demented hip fracture older adults (OAs) versus nondemented? Researchers from Ontario found that community-dwelling demented hip fracture OAs were more likely to have longer stays in hospital and less likely to be admitted to rehab following surgery. Those who were admitted to rehab had shorter length of stays than nondemented community-dwellers. Long-term care demented and nondemented residents, however, had similar patterns of hospital and rehab stays. (Free abstract only.)
The findings of this study suggest that vitamin D supplementation with or without calcium does not reduce skeletal or non-skeletal outcomes in unselected community-dwelling individuals by more than 15%. Future trials with similar designs are unlikely to alter these conclusions. (Free registration required.)