BASF and DuPont are focusing on mutagenesis, a process that creates herbicide-resistant crops, as a viable alternative to selling genetically modified seeds in Europe, where Monsanto recently curtailed its pending genetically modified organism requests because of opposition. The technique, which simulates the sun's irradiation, is largely unregulated although some scientists believe the resulting crops could present more health concerns than GM ones. "These difficulties in getting a GMO to the market, we don't have it in mutation breeding," says Pierre Lagoda of the United Nations’ Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture program.

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