Most of 161 cases of birth asphyxia recorded in Norway between 1994 and 2008 were caused by human error, according to a study in the journal Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. Poor fetal monitoring, which accounted for about half of the cases, was the most common human error leading to infant asphyxiation at birth, followed by lack of clinical knowledge.

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