In a study of 2,696 hemodialysis patients younger than age 18, researchers from the University of Minnesota found that the rates of death and all-cause hospitalization were highest among those whose hemoglobin concentrations were lower than 10 g/dL. Hospitalizations due to cardiovascular problems were relatively consistent across hemoglobin groups, except for those with levels of 13 g/dL or higher, who had the lowest hospitalization rates, according to the study presented at the American Society of Nephrology's Kidney Week.

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