People with incomes higher than 400% of the federal poverty level may purchase health insurance plans from an Affordable Care Act marketplace, but they will not qualify for federal subsidies, and people whose incomes rise might have to pay back any subsidies they received the prior year. People who have health insurance through an employer do not qualify for subsidies unless that insurance meets the definition of unaffordable, and subsidies are calculated based on the cost of a silver-level plan but may be applied to a lower- or higher-tier plan. Subsidies to help with deductibles and copays are available to people making less than 2.5 times the poverty level, but they apply only to silver-level plans.

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