Studies show gut microbes are linked to insulin, appetite and metabolism regulation, which can affect body weight, according to gastroenterologist Gerard Mullin. Diet and antibiotic use are two main reasons for imbalances in gut bacteria, which can lead to weight gain and health problems, he writes.
March is Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month and gastroenterologist T.J. Pulliam at FirstHealth Gastroenterology in Rockingham, N.C., said most colon cancer cases can be prevented through screenings. Colonoscopy is the gold-standard test for colorectal cancer, but Pulliam said only about half of the people who should receive screening actually get tested.
Applying capsaicin to rectal mucosa led to higher pain perception and anxiety among irritable bowel syndrome patients who had visceral hypersensitivity to rectal distension, researchers reported in The American Journal of Gastroenterology. The study include 48 patients and 25 healthy control subjects.
Crohn's disease patients taking adalimumab following intestinal resection had a lower risk of disease recurrence, compared with those taking the traditional drugs azathioprine and mesalamine, Italian researchers report in The American Journal of Gastroenterology. Data also showed patients taking adalimumab had higher quality of life scores.