The 2010 American Diabetes Association recommendations have led to increased uptake of HbA1c as a screening test for identifying adolescent patients for type 2 diabetes, which may affect detection rates and the cost-effectiveness of screening.
In patients with critical illness or bleed, restricting blood transfusions by using a hemoglobin trigger of <7 g/dL significantly reduces cardiac events, rebleeding, bacterial infections and total mortality. A less-restrictive transfusion strategy was not effective.
This study concluded that non-high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDLc) levels, especially > 190 mg/dl, are consistently associated with increased risk of coronary artery calcium (CAC) progression. The results suggest that among lipid fractions, non-HDLc may be best suited for the prediction of future CAC progression.
Using data from the TRacking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey, functional somatic symptoms (FSS; i.e., somatic symptoms that cannot sufficiently be explained by underlying organic pathology) were assessed. In the general population cohort, 4.1% of adolescents suffered from persistent FSS. Risk factors for FSS included being female, suffering from depressive symptoms, having poor self-rated health and having high parent-reported FSS. Anxiety, parental overprotection, school absenteeism and diversity of symptoms did not predict persistence of FSS.