The surge in the mining of sand in the Upper Midwest for hydraulic fracturing has drawn opposing views from local communities and mining companies, according to this article. Although mining for frack sand has created jobs and expanded local tax bases, some residents have expressed concerns about pollution and health risks. However, "if you are following the regulations, there is no threat to the environment, no threat to public health. ... It's an enforcement problem," said Rich Budinger, president of the Wisconsin Industrial Sand Association.