A new study that used resting-state functional MRI and was published in a radiology journal revealed that children and teens with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder have disrupted brain connections, including in the orbitofrontal cortex, involved in strategic planning, and the globus pallidus, which plays a role in executive inhibitory control. Researchers compared rfMRI results of 33 boys between 6 to 16 years old with 32 healthy controls and found that activity in these areas correlated with executive function test results and might help explain characteristics such as inattention and hyperactivity.

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