A University of New Mexico study found that giving premature infants erythropoiesis-stimulating agents within 60 hours of birth led to higher cognitive and object permanence scores later on, suggesting ESAs could potentially protect developing brains. Neurodevelopmental disabilities such as cerebral palsy and learning deficits are common among very low-birth-weight preemies and no successful neuroprotective interventions exist, researchers wrote in the journal Pediatrics.

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