People with higher levels of education tend to earn more money, but these gains are not evenly distributed across different demographic groups, writes Deborah Ashton, vice president and chief diversity officer for Novant Health. "[H]aving an education has the most benefit for men, especially white men," she writes. In contrast to one widely held misconception, Ashton's analysis also found that companies do not have to pay a premium to hire women who are minorities.

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