A study supported by the National Institutes of Health found that passive immunotherapies that use broadly neutralizing antibodies could prevent the transmission of HIV. In a laboratory experiment, researchers found that the PGT121, VRC01 and VRC03 antibodies stopped the virus from entering CD4+ T cells obtained from HIV-negative volunteers.
A chart review study done at LeBonheur Children's Hospital in Memphis found more white children get eosinophilic esophagitis than black children, but the difference is not as large as previously estimated. The study did find black children were younger when diagnosed with EoE.
Genome changes linked to environmental factors may be a factor in Crohn's disease in children, according to a study from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. Data showed DNA changes in several areas of the genome in children who have the inflammatory bowel disease.
The American College of Gastroenterology has released new guidelines on how to manage and treat chronic idiopathic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome through diet and medication. The group recommends the use of linaclotide and lubiprostone for IBS with constipation, and laxatives, prucalopride, lubiprostone and linaclotide for chronic idiopathic constipation, according to treatment standards published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology.
A new study shows that offering support and reassurance to children suffering from chronic stomach pain can help reduce the pain. One researcher said the talk therapy helps relax the stomach muscles through distraction or relaxation techniques.