A study in Pediatrics found that the rate of ear infections such as acute otitis media in 3-month-olds dropped from 18% between 1980 and 1990 to 6% in 2014, while the rate declined from 39% to 23% in 6-month-olds and from 62% to 46% in 1-year-olds. Researchers linked the reductions in infection rates to higher rates of breast-feeding and vaccination and to lower smoking rates in mothers. The findings were based on data involving 367 babies followed until age 1.
A study supported by the National Institutes of Health found that passive immunotherapies that use broadly neutralizing antibodies could prevent the transmission of HIV. In a laboratory experiment, researchers found that the PGT121, VRC01 and VRC03 antibodies stopped the virus from entering CD4+ T cells obtained from HIV-negative volunteers.
A chart review study done at LeBonheur Children's Hospital in Memphis found more white children get eosinophilic esophagitis than black children, but the difference is not as large as previously estimated. The study did find black children were younger when diagnosed with EoE.
Genome changes linked to environmental factors may be a factor in Crohn's disease in children, according to a study from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. Data showed DNA changes in several areas of the genome in children who have the inflammatory bowel disease.
A new study shows that offering support and reassurance to children suffering from chronic stomach pain can help reduce the pain. One researcher said the talk therapy helps relax the stomach muscles through distraction or relaxation techniques.