Employer demand for skilled workers may be driving higher enrollment at an Illinois community college, particularly in electrical, industrial maintenance and HVAC programs. John Wood Community College officials say they routinely meet with industry leaders to shape workforce programs to meet the needs of the business community and students.
Physicists created a device to observe the braiding of particles known as anyons, quasiparticles thought to occur in just two dimensions, according to findings published on arXiv.org. "[T]o see [anyons] in reality takes it to another level," says theoretical physicist Frank Wilczek, who was not involved in the study but was the originator of the term "anyon."
A study of armored fish that date back as far as 400 million years ago suggests that specialized teeth evolved far earlier than scientists once thought. "Nobody expected to find teeth so deep on the evolutionary tree and definitely not with such 'modern' characters," says Valeria Vaskaninova, author of a study on the findings published in Science.
Long interstellar journeys may result in significant changes to language, a study in Acta Futura suggests. For passengers on an interstellar travel vessel for 10 generations, "new concepts will emerge, new social issues will come up, and people will create ways of talking about them, and these will become the vocabulary particular to the ship," says study author Andrew McKenzie.
Antlion larvae remain still for varying amounts of time to confuse and deter predators, according to findings published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B. "We'd seen such post-contact immobility in other organisms, such as woodlice, but the antlion larvae seemed to be taking it to an extreme," says Nigel Franks, lead author of the study.
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded an $800,000 grant to biotech research startup A-Alpha Bio, based in Seattle, to develop treatments for infectious diseases, including COVID-19 and intestinal pathogens. Research will focus on the ways antibodies and pathogens interact.
Schoolcraft College in Michigan has moved its manufacturing programs to a separate building about 10 minutes from campus, which is closer to area industry and has room for expansion. Amy Jones, the college's associate dean of occupational programs, said the location makes sense because the college routinely is in contact with companies in that area.
A career and technical education teacher at a Hawaii high school recently helped organize a virtual conversation with former astronaut and retired United States Air Force officer Pamela Melroy. Greg Anderson has used technology to remotely connect students with other professionals, including business leaders.
Rats tend to help out when they come across a fellow rat in trouble, but are less likely to offer aid if other nearby rodents appear uninterested, according to findings published in Science Advances. Researchers placed a rat in a trap that could only be opened by another rat on the outside and most were willing to help, even without food as a reward, but when other rats, given a drug to lessen their emotional response, were added to the area, the rat that had originally been helpful became less so.
An unusual substance with visual attributes of a gel observed on the far side of the moon by China's Yutu-2 rover is actually a glossy rock, according to a study published in Earth and Planetary Science Letters. Researchers examined detailed photos of the find, determining the glossy, dark green mass was likely made by a meteorite impact.
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