Esports teams are forming in a growing number of high schools in the US amid increased interest in video gaming as a sport. About 200 colleges offered students $16 million in scholarships for esports in the 2018-19 school year, according to the National Association of Collegiate Esports.
High-speed videos show how carbon dioxide released when opening a bottle of champagne gives off a visible shock wave called a Mach disk that is also seen in the exhaust of rockets and jets, according to findings published in Science Advances. Researchers studying how a bottle's temperature might affect how champagne plumes looked were surprised to also see Mach disks when they opened champagne bottles at lower temperatures.
New mothers who are unhappy in their relationships with their infants' fathers talk more to their infant boys, possibly trying to compensate for dissatisfaction with their partners, a study published in the Journal of Family Psychology suggests. "What is particularly interesting is that mums only seem to compensate when they have infant sons, not daughters," said study author Elian Fink.
Cleaner shrimp have developed a strategy that helps them steer clear of predators while they hide in coral reefs and help rid friendlier sea life of parasites and dead skin, a process described in Biology Letters. Cleaner shrimp adjust their behavior depending on whether the creature that swims by is predatory or nonpredatory.
Neurons known as melanin-concentrating hormone neurons have been found to help rid the brain of old memories during REM sleep, according to a study of mice published in Science. "These results suggest that hypothalamic MCH neurons help the brain actively forget new information that is not important," said study author Akihiro Yamanaka.
Essential oils could possibly contain compounds that contribute to abnormal breast growth in young girls and boys, according to findings published in Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Researcher J. Tyler Ramsey noted tea tree oil and lavender may inhibit androgen, a male sex hormone, and may amplify female sex hormone activity.
The University of Maryland School of Medicine has been awarded a $200 million grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases to create a vaccine for influenza. Funds will go to establish the Baltimore-based collaborative Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health, where researchers will work to develop a universal flu vaccine.
Students in Mississippi are being encouraged to consider career paths that do not require a four-year degree. "We really need to be preparing people at every age for the jobs of the future. "It's really incumbent on all of us to help people be prepared for jobs in the very best ways they can, whether that's a high school education, community college education, or a 4-year school," said David Shaw, provost at Mississippi State.
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