A 50-cent tax on tobacco products in California once generated about $550 million in the state -- which helped fund some education programs -- but as more Californians stop smoking, those revenues have declined to a reported $273 million. State officials are now considering using taxes on recreational marijuana to fill the gap.
A study using spatial awareness tasks and math problems found no evidence for "the stereotype threat," in which a woman's performance might be affected when she is aware of negative stereotypes -- such as the idea that women are bad at math. "This study -- and other emerging research -- therefore calls into question how well the theory of stereotype threat can explain gender differences in mathematical performance," said the study's author, Charlotte Pennington, from the University of the West of England.
A Kentucky high school recently constructed an "Innovation Zone" that will house the school's expanding computer-aided design and engineering program. Innovation Zone instructor Carl Owens says the courses prepare students for jobs in the skilled trades through hands-on learning.
Students at the Community College of Philadelphia will more easily be able to enroll in Rutgers University-Camden under a dual-admission agreement expected to be signed this week. Under the agreement, students who earn an associate degree and meet certain requirements will be able to enroll in the four-year university as juniors.
New Hampshire education officials say low unemployment rates have resulted in a reduced pool of substitute teachers in the state. Although some schools have tried offering higher pay, Carl Ladd, executive director of the New Hampshire School Administrators Association, says substitutes remain difficult to hire.
Some schools in the Pacific Northwest are implementing a new kind of safety drill meant to smooth the process of reunification of students with their parents after an emergency such as an earthquake. During the drill, school officials verified parents' identification to ensure every student was reunited with an approved adult.
Scientists will debate the merits of four potential landing sites for NASA's Mars 2020 rover during a three-day workshop this week before recommending where the rover will land and collect samples that may end up being the first brought back to Earth. The sites under consideration are Columbia Hills, Jezero Crater, Northeast Syrtis and Midway.
Generations of male mice exhibited learning and behavioral problems linked to nicotine exposure in their fathers and grandfathers, according to findings published in PLOS Biology. "Our study shows that paternal nicotine exposure can be deleterious for the offspring in multiple generations," said study leader Pradeep Bhide.
Arthropod populations in Puerto Rico's Luquillo rainforest have declined sharply, and warmer temperatures may be the cause, according to findings published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Researchers first collected information on arthropods in the rainforest in 1976 and compared it to data collected in 2012, finding a decline of up to 99%, while temperatures recorded during the period climbed by 2 degrees Celsius, or 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit.
Billionaire Stephen Schwarzman has donated $350 million to MIT for its planned College of Computing. The $1 billion interdisciplinary college will focus on artificial intelligence research across non-technology fields.