China's National Institutes for Food and Drug Control has formed a working group intent on finding animal testing alternatives for cosmetics development and will partner with US-based Institute for In Vitro Sciences in the effort. "The EU, the United States, Japan and other regions have established certification agencies based on cosmetic animal substitution test technology," an NIFDC spokesperson said.
The European Commission has developed a bio-economy strategy to boost bio-based processes, including algae-to-fuel conversions and fertilizers. The EC also proposed a maximum 2% limit on industrially made trans fatty acids.
Seed oils, including sunflower, safflower, flaxseed and rapeseed oils, are the most effective for lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, according to a new study published in the Journal of Lipid Research. The team performed a network meta-analysis of 55 studies to determine the effectiveness of different oils and solid fats on blood lipids and make a quantitative comparison, but the researchers cautioned that their method does have limitations and could not definitively determine which seed oil is the most effective.
A team of researchers has discovered a way to manipulate double emulsion droplets using solvent evaporation. The team sheathed double-layer droplets in a polyvinyl alcohol aqueous solution and adjusted the osmotic pressure and solvent concentration gradient in the bath to control droplet shape without rupture, a method the team says could be applied to multiple industries, including cosmetics.
US exports of polyethylene and other plastic resins to China may drop by up to 50% in 2019 as China imports more products from the Middle East and other Asian countries, reports Wood Mackenzie. The American Chemistry Council maintains that China's tariffs may cost the US thousands of jobs while hindering innovation and economic growth.
A water pipeline infrastructure bidding process that allows for open competition could save American cities billions of dollars over the next decade, according to a report by the US Conference of Mayors. The report estimates the change would save $20.5 billion and $22.3 billion for drinking water and stormwater piping, respectively.
Akzo Nobel reported an adjusted operating profit of about $280 million on sales of $2.68 billion in the third quarter. Akzo rejected a $30 billion takeover bid from PPG Industries in 2017 and is working to deliver shareholders a cost savings of $230.4 million by 2020.
The American Chemical Society has unveiled the winners of its 2018 Green Chemistry Challenge Awards, which include DowDuPont's Corteva Agriscience, Merck and several other firms. The Environmental Protection Agency wasn't able to participate in the 2018 award cycle, a spokesperson said, but it may re-enter the process in 2019.
Canadian firm Plastic Bank has developed a system that uses blockchain technology to pay people in cryptocurrency for collecting recyclables, potentially increasing plastic recycling in developing nations. The tool has already been applied at some 40 recycling sites in Haiti.
Linde and Praxair submitted a remedy package to the Federal Trade Commission, potentially clearing the way for their proposed merger. The FTC must vote on the package before an Oct. 24 deadline.