Children deal with anxiety related to trauma by either being overly aroused behaviorally or shutting down, which is a different response than adults, says social worker Jean West of the St. Joseph, Mo., school district. West uses the Structured Sensory Interventions for Traumatized Children, Adolescents and Parents -- SITCAP -- approach to integrate trauma's sensory and cognitive aspects.
Veterinary cardiologist Ryan Fries says hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is behind about 80% of feline heart disease cases and is especially prevalent in Maine coon and ragdoll cats. Signs of heart trouble may be subtle and include fatigue, anorexia and lameness in a rear leg, and an echocardiogram is required for a definitive diagnosis, Dr. Fries says.
Brain imaging showed that dogs know the difference between words they have been taught and words they've never heard, but their neural reaction is different than humans', researchers reported in Frontiers in Neuroscience. Auditory regions in dogs' brains became active when their owners called out unfamiliar words, whereas the sound of familiar words usually causes greater neural activation in people, suggesting that the dogs were working to understand the unfamiliar words' meaning.
Researchers surveyed 376 individuals who worked in public health and found that implementing and supporting evidence-based diabetes management interventions at local health departments could help control diabetes across the US. The findings in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care revealed that among the implemented evidence-based interventions, the Diabetes Prevention Program is offered by 82% of the local health departments, while 81% offered diabetes self-management education and 67% offered diabetes screening and referrals.
Infants and children with congenital hyperinsulinism experienced adverse events 48 days after receiving diazoxide treatment, including prematurity, pulmonary hypertension, neutropenia, edema and higher baseline risk, according to a study in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. Based on 295 patients with a median age of 29 days at diazoxide initiation, researchers note the importance of monitoring children on diazoxide for common adverse events.
Men who were classified as overweight or obese in their 20s and 30s are expected to lose eight years and ten years of life, respectively, while women who are overweight or obese are predicted to lose up to six years and eight years of life, respectively, researchers reported in the International Journal of Obesity. The findings, based on 12,091 adults ages 20 to 69, showed that obesity was associated with a reduced life expectancy of 4.1 years among women in their 40s and 5.1 years among men in their 40s.
A study published in Heart Rhythm revealed no evidence that sudden cardiac arrest was more likely to happen on Mondays, as was previously believed, and just 13.9% of 1,535 adults who died from sudden cardiac arrest died between 12 a.m. and 6 a.m. Researchers analyzed data from The Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study and found that increased stress levels were associated with an increased likelihood of sudden cardiac arrest at any time.
West Virginia University's Health Sciences Innovation Center will lead a group of 23 universities in launching a virtual hub to commercialize research done in the Southeast US and Puerto Rico. The hub will be funded by a $3.5 million NIH grant over three years and will focus on universities in areas of the US that are not traditional technology hot spots.
Nemours Children's Health System CEO Lawrence Moss told top health care leaders and lawmakers that pediatric hospitals need more attention as health care moves to a value-based payment model. "What we're doing today is the beginning of Nemours really accelerating and doubling down on our commitment to this conversation and playing a leadership role in what children's health care looks like tomorrow," Moss said.
Tivity Health CEO Donato Tramuto applied lessons learned from personal adversities and negotiated the sale of a nonperforming division in returning the Tennessee-based fitness and health improvement program provider to financial health. "If you look at my past, I think when you've been through as much adversity as I have been through in my life, that you're no longer fearful of the impossible," Tramuto said.
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