Fewer adolescent girls in Canada reported having sexual intercourse before age 14 after the introduction of human papillomavirus vaccination in 2008, according to a study in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. The findings, based on 2003, 2008 and 2013 survey data involving nearly 300,000 7th- to 12th-grade girls, also showed increased use of contraception and condoms, reduced pregnancy rates and lower likelihood of alcohol and drug use after HPV vaccine introduction.
Green tea, kefir, lemon water or a smoothie can be healthy alternatives to coffee in the morning, nutrition experts say. Registered dietitian Brigitte Zeitlin says tea has less caffeine and more antioxidants than coffee, and RD Dawn Jackson-Blatner says kefir can help people with gastrointestinal issues such as bloating.
Overland Park, Kan., tops WalletHub's ranking of the best-to-worst American cities for people with disabilities, as it has for the past four years. The personal finance website assessed more than 180 communities on 31 criteria, including wheelchair accessibility, employment rate and health care cost and availability.
Cofense's The State of Phishing Defense 2018 report showed that "payment notification" appeared in 58% of health care phishing attack campaigns, making it the top subject in phishing attacks this year, with "attached invoice" and "new message in mailbox" also being prevalent. Seven percent of emails sent across the health care sector are malicious in nature, compared with 10% in other industries, findings showed.
Medicare Advantage enrollment is thriving, with sign-ups expected to rise 12% from about 20 million enrollees this year to 23 million for 2019. The CMS said consumers looking at options for 2019 can choose from about 3,700 plans, an increase of 600 from 2018, and low- or no-cost plans are among the options, along with improved benefits.
A study in Diabetes Care showed a 24% increased risk for type 2 diabetes for every one standard deviation increase in fasting plasma glucose coefficient of variation. Researchers evaluated data from the Korean National Health Insurance System involving 131,744 people without diabetes at baseline and found that older males who completed little physical activity, had a higher incidence of dyslipidemia and hypertension, drank alcohol and smoked had greater variation of fasting plasma glucose levels.
Adults with type 1 diabetes who used inhaled insulin had less time spent in hypoglycemia and a lower glucose standard deviation at four weeks, compared with those on insulin aspart, according to a study in Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics. Researchers recruited 60 diabetes patients and found those in the inhaled insulin group also lost more weight.
A study presented at the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research's annual meeting found that men with type 2 diabetes had higher advanced glycation end-product content in the cortical bone of the femoral neck, which is associated with reduced bone strength, compared with those without diabetes. Researchers analyzed 65 men with and without diabetes and found no association between AGE content and A1C levels, but increased AGE content correlated with lower initiation toughness.
A device that uses Raman spectroscopy to measure blood glucose levels through the skin by producing a "molecular fingerprint" has been developed by researchers from MIT and the University of Missouri School of Medicine. They conducted a study with individuals without diabetes and found that the device and a finger prick test had similar efficacy in assessing blood glucose levels.
The Cedars-Sinai Accelerator named its fourth graduating class of health care technology startups, providing initial funding of $120,000 to eight participants that completed an intensive three-month program. The startups are developing technologies in artificial intelligence, hardware innovation and other digital platforms, and companies in the three previous classes have raised almost $100 million in investment funding.
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