The Trump administration reportedly is working on a list of proposals to deter southern border crossings, one of which would give families a choice between staying imprisoned together or relinquishing child custody. The strategies are said to be efforts to overcome legal and political problems with the current separation policy.
The average lifespan of chocolate-colored Labrador retrievers in the UK is less than 11 years, compared with 12.1 years for other Labs, and chocolate Labs are prone to obesity, ear infections and joint problems, researchers reported in Canine Genetics and Epidemiology. Two dogs of the same color are required to produce chocolate Labs, thus reducing genetic diversity.
Drug-resistant salmonella associated with raw chicken products has sickened at least 92 people in 29 states, according to the CDC. While the source of the outbreak has not been identified, the CDC reports that the culprit strain has been found in samples taken from raw chicken pet food and live chickens as well as chicken products meant for human consumption.
Urban wildlife is nothing to fear if the right precautions are taken, such as keeping pets up to date on vaccinations and veterinary exams, avoiding contact with wild animals, keeping pet food and dishes indoors, thoroughly cooking game before eating it and never handling a carcass bare-handed, says veterinarian Kevin Fitzgerald. Dr. Fitzgerald says it's important to study urban wildlife not only to preserve biodiversity but also to reduce risk.
AWHONN is pleased to announce the launch of AWHONNtv, a brand new video channel for the association! Debuting tomorrow, October 24, AWHONNtv will be your one-stop resource for video education and programming. Tune in for recordings of AWHONN Convention sessions, messages from AWHONN leaders, interviews with AWHONN members, and more. Bookmark this page to check back often, as newer content will be added regularly.
Researchers found an association between high baseline metabolic syndrome severity Z score and individual component scores and an increased risk for incident type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The findings in Diabetes Care, based on 2,476 prediabetes patients from the Diabetes Prevention Program, revealed those in the lifestyle modification group had the greatest reduction in severity effect sizes during the first three years of follow-up, followed by the metformin and placebo groups.
A study in The BMJ showed that 9.7% of US adults were diagnosed with any form of diabetes in 2016 and 2017, 0.5% of whom had type 1 diabetes and 8.5% had type 2 diabetes. Researchers analyzed data from the 2016 and 2017 versions of the National Health Interview Survey involving 58,186 adults ages at least 20 and found those with type 1 diabetes had lower body mass index and higher levels of education, and were generally younger than those diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Individuals who developed diabetes had significantly higher mean fasting plasma glucose levels and body mass index and lower single point insulin sensitivity estimator 10 years before diagnosis, compared with those who didn't develop diabetes, according to a study in the Journal of the Endocrine Society. Japanese researchers evaluated 27,392 health examinees without diabetes and found that 10 years before diagnosis, those who developed prediabetes also had higher mean FPG and BMI and lower SPISE than those who didn't develop prediabetes.
A study in JAMA Network Open showed that elite performers, or individuals ages older than 70 who had aerobic fitness in the top 2.5%, had an almost 30% reduced mortality risk, compared with high performers. Researchers recruited more than 122,000 patients and found that not exercising at all appears to be worse for health than diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, cholesterol and smoking.
A study in the Journal of the American College of Radiology showed that nuclear medicine call centers failed to explain FDG-PET/CT exam guidelines and preferred examination times to patients with diabetes 47% and 91% of the time, respectively, and only 29% of phone calls contained discussions about glucose thresholds. The findings should prompt more studies to provide the best recommendations, as well as increased advocacy from national organizations to ensure proper communication with patients with diabetes, researchers said.
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