Researchers found that more than 75% of 156 medical students from radiology interest groups at US medical schools said artificial intelligence would play a major role in their careers, 66% said AI would most significantly affect diagnostic radiology, and 44% said AI curbed their enthusiasm regarding radiology. The findings, published in Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology, also showed that while most free-text responses regarding the role of AI in radiology were neutral, negative responses had greater detail, prompting researchers to suggest that AI and related data science principles be included in medical school curricula to help dispel misperceptions about the potential harms of AI in radiology.
The US marked another record spike in COVID-19 cases Tuesday, logging 60,021 new infections and bringing the total to more than 3 million, with California, Arizona, Florida and Texas accounting for nearly half of new cases in recent days. An analysis of COVID-19 data showed the number of cases has risen by at least 5% in 37 states during the last seven days, while hospitalizations have risen by at least 5% in 24 states.
Social worker Yessenia Benitez set up a "mental rest" area staffed by social workers and other mental health professionals at "Abolition Park," an area near City Hall in New York City where homeless people and activists are living as they espouse criminal justice reform. The encampment also has a medic tent, stations for food and clothing, a small library and a bodega.
Moderate weight loss with caloric restriction for three months helped patients with type 2 diabetes who were overweight control their blood glucose better than consuming high-fiber foods, according to a study presented at the American Diabetes Association virtual Scientific Sessions. However, the researchers warned that patients with diabetes should not stop adding more fiber into their diet as they generally consume much less dietary fiber than guidelines recommend.
Studies published in The BMJ linked consuming about a third cup more of fruit or vegetables daily to a 25% lower risk of type 2 diabetes, and greater whole grain intake to a 29% reduced risk. Eating one or more servings of popcorn per day, however, was associated with a higher risk of diabetes, as researchers said people often use processed versions of popcorn and add salt, butter and other toppings to the snack.
A study in Nature Genetics involving over 200,000 diabetes patients discovered 558 novel genetic variants tied to type 2 diabetes, including gene variants that vary by ethnicity -- particularly by European and African American ancestries -- and those tied to chronic diseases like coronary heart disease, acute ischemic stroke and kidney disease. Researchers said the scientific community can "assess which of the surrounding genes nearby the identified genetic variants is likely to be the causal gene that alters the risk of type 2 diabetes, and that could lead to early interventions to limit controllable risks of developing the condition."
Fifty-six percent of radiologists who included their contact information in their radiology reports at least 75% of the time reported greater patient contact, and many said the interactions were satisfying, according to a study in the American Journal of Roentgenology. "We encourage radiology groups around the country to consider including radiologist contact information in radiology reports on the basis of the positive experiences of our private practice group," researchers wrote.
Researchers have developed Paradigm II, a novel breast cancer risk model that contains 93 relationships that play a role in breast cancer likelihood, with patient age being the strongest risk factor. The model, described in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, may better inform controllable and public policy-influenced breast cancer risk factors, researchers wrote.
Radiologists should review protocols for determining and supporting victims of intimate partner violence, as well as provide staff training to implement the protocols, amid a spike in prevalence across the US during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to an editorial in European Radiology. The pandemic, which has worsened current social issues, "presents an opportunity for radiologists to use their diagnostic competence to make a difference," researchers wrote.
Artificial intelligence won't displace radiologists' role in decision making and will continue to be radiologists' "amiable apprentice" in patient care, according to an opinion article by John Banja of Emory University in Radiology: Artificial Intelligence. The effects of picture archiving and communication system integration, mergers and acquisitions, regulatory efforts, reimbursement and ethical requirements on AI remain unclear, but addressing these issues could boost professional excellence in radiology, Banja said.
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