A study in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that 71% of artificial intelligence algorithms in radiology and other health specialties were trained on patient cohorts from California, Massachusetts and New York, indicating inadequate geographical diversity in AI training sets. "California, Massachusetts, and New York may have economic, educational, social, behavioral, ethnic, and cultural features that are not representative of the entire nation; algorithms trained primarily on patient data from these states may generalize poorly, which is an established risk when implementing diagnostic algorithms in new geographies," researchers wrote.
Researchers found that individuals with obstructive sleep apnea had similar amyloid plaque development and accumulation as those with Alzheimer's disease, with increased sleep apnea severity associated with elevated amyloid plaque buildup. The findings in the journal Sleep also showed that continuous airway pressure didn't affect plaque accumulation but all participants showed no clinical dementia symptoms prior to their death.
A program in Washington called Passport to College ensures that students currently or formerly in foster care and those who are homeless can stay in their dorms even when college campuses close. Few states have similar programs, and youth who are part of such initiatives have fared better than those whose states don't, says associate professor of social work Angelique Day.
Gabriele Oettingen's concept of "mental contrasting" can be applied to setting and achieving goals in a four-step process: clarifying your wish, outlining the desired outcome, identifying obstacles and planning how you'll overcome them, writes Alaina Love. "Best of all, investing just five minutes of daily uninterrupted quiet time to practice the WOOP steps can up your game significantly," she writes.
House Democrats on Monday released a $2.2 trillion pandemic relief package that includes $436 billion in funding for local and state governments; $225 billion for schools and child care; $75 billion for COVID-19 testing, contact tracing and other health care programs; $1,200 checks for many Americans; and support for expanded unemployment benefits through the end of the year. The HEROES Act 2.0 costs $1.2 trillion less than Democrats' previous proposal and includes several priorities backed by the Trump administration.
More than 60 researchers and bioethicists urged Pfizer to not to submit an emergency use authorization application for its COVID-19 vaccine before late November to ensure safety standards are met. They maintain that the company must monitor trial participants for at least two months after the final dose of the company's vaccine is administered to adequately examine safety.
Type 2 diabetes patients who initiated a once-weekly treatment of semaglutide experienced reductions in both estimated glomerular filtration rate and urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio, compared with those who took placebo, according to a study in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. The findings, based on data from 8,416 patients with type 2 diabetes, indicate that in addition to improving blood glucose control, semaglutide also helps manage kidney function in type 2 diabetes.
Researchers studied 1,004 infants in the UK and found that 1.4% of children who avoided allergenic foods and followed the infant feeding recommendations of exclusive breastfeeding until age 6 months developed celiac disease at 3 years, compared with none in infants who were introduced to gluten from age 4 months. The findings were published in JAMA Pediatrics.
Health care professionals from around the world share their stories about shortages of personal protective equipment during the COVID-19 pandemic, long hours, high patient volume, stress and anxiety. The 1 million worldwide deaths from COVID-19 include more than 1,700 US health care workers.
TIME's annual "100 Most Influential People" list includes health care leaders such as National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Director Dr. Anthony Fauci and World Health Organization Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, along with people who influence health policy, such President Donald Trump and former Vice President Joe Biden. Johns Hopkins University's Lauren Gardner, who helped develop the school's COVID-19 dashboard to track the pandemic, is on the list, as well as infectious disease specialist Camilla Rothe, who helped document asymptomatic infection in COVID-19.
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