A widespread loss of birds across North America has been detailed in a study published in Science. Researchers say nearly 3 billion individual birds, representing 29% of those in North America, have vanished since 1970.
The Global Preparedness Monitoring Board's first report on global pandemic preparedness finds an outbreak as serious as the 1918 Spanish flu would reach pandemic status within just 36 hours, and as many as 80 million people could die. Among the most serious threats are those that arise at the human-wildlife interface, according to Victor Dzau, president of the US National Academy of Medicine, where deforestation and other changes bring people more routinely into contact with zoonotic diseases.
Not all dogs are comfortable swimmers, and even those that are can be at risk of drowning, especially in pools, which are the most common site of canine drownings. Training and swim lessons might help, and veterinarian Jerry Klein recommends kiddie pools for gradually helping dogs that are hesitant around water become comfortable.
A study published in Diabetes Care showed that across all racial/ethnic groups, diabetes prevalence was 26.5% among Asians and 24.6% among Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders with overweight and obesity class I, while whites had a prevalence of 23.7% with obesity class II. Researchers evaluated data on 4,906,238 adults ages 20 and older and found the highest association between body mass index category and diabetes among whites, while blacks had the lowest association.
Australian researchers used a cohort of 343,714 individuals and found that the proportion of those ages 18 to 40 who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes rose from 9.5% to 12.5% since 2000, with females in this age group having a higher incidence than women in the 40 to 50 and 50 to 60 age groups. The findings, presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes annual meeting, also showed a stable all-cause mortality and cardiovascular morbidity rates in the younger age groups after 2005, with the all-cause mortality rate dropping by nearly 20% and by 30% among those in the 60 to 70 and in the 70 to 80 age group, respectively.
Type 2 diabetes patients who had steady blood glucose control over six years were more likely to live longer than those who had more A1C variability, according to findings presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes annual meeting. Researchers examined up to 21,000 patients from Scotland and found that an A1C variability of 60% or higher was tied to an increased risk for chronic kidney disease, heart disease, heart failure, nerve damage and stroke, as well as a higher risk for diabetic eye disease and diabetic foot ulcer.
Researchers surveyed more than 5,800 older women with type 2 diabetes and found that those who had the highest scores for the DASH diet were at a 31% reduced risk of developing cardiovascular problems, compared with those with the lowest scores for the diet, while those who had the highest scores for the American Diabetes Association recommendations and the Mediterranean diet had a 29% and 23% lower risk, respectively, compared with women who had the lowest scores for the diets. Findings were published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Gluten intake during mid-pregnancy was not linked to type 1 diabetes in children but each 10-gram increase in gluten consumed per day among children at 18 months of age was associated with a 46% higher risk for the disease, according to a study reported at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes' annual meeting. Researchers said the greatest risk of type 1 diabetes was seen among children with the highest gluten consumption.
A study about how hunger affects decision-making found people who were hungry tended to focus on short-term rewards, even if they did not involve food, researchers reported in Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. "We wanted to know whether being in a state of hunger had a specific effect on how you make decisions only relating to food or if it had broader effects, and this research suggests decision-making gets more present-focused when people are hungry," said study author Benjamin Vincent.
Insurers and hospitals indicated support for a drug pricing plan released this week by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, while pharma and biopharma opposed it and Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said it won't be considered in the Senate. Joel White of the Council for Affordable Health Coverage said the plan has elements that could gain bipartisan support but was clearly a "partisan exercise."
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