Using social media such as Twitter to engage in debate over her field is both necessary and prone to self-defeating brusqueness, UK social worker Sophie Ayers writes. Avoid divisive language and be open to all sides of issues, she urges.
More than 3,000 equine influenza cases have been reported in Nigeria recently, and the World Organization for Animal Health suggests that the outbreak is being fueled by the global movement of donkeys being traded for their skins. Donkeys in Mali and Ghana have also developed signs of the highly contagious virus, according to the Donkey Sanctuary charity.
When animals nuzzle or groom each other, snuggle together, stand watch against predators or work as a team, they are demonstrating something that humans relate to, says Patrick Abbot, an associate professor of biological sciences at Vanderbilt University who studies animal behavior. Though such behavior may be a means of survival, when puppies play and cooperate, they release oxytocin, which generates feelings of warmth and affection, and "we would call that love," Abbot says.
Adults with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease but without obesity were at an increased risk of developing diabetes, according to findings in Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases. South Korean researchers used a cohort of 70,303 adults with a body mass index of less than 25 kg/m2, ages at least 20, and found that men in the highest quartile of liver fibrosis and insulin resistance were at a higher risk of diabetes.
Chinese researchers recruited 71,783 adults with type 2 diabetes and found that those who used pioglitazone had a 39% lower risk for myocardial infarction and a nonsignificant reduction in heart failure risk, compared with nonusers of pioglitazone. The findings in the Journal of Diabetes revealed that the pioglitazone group also had lower incidence rates for MI, heart failure and stroke than the non-pioglitazone group.
A study to be presented at the American Diabetes Association's 79th Scientific Sessions showed that linagliptin was noninferior in terms of time to first occurrence of nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke or cardiovascular death over an average of six years, compared with glimepiride. Researchers evaluated data from the CAROLINA study involving 6,033 type 2 diabetes patients at high CV risk or established CV disease who received 5 mg linagliptin once daily and found that linagliptin's overall safety profile in the study was consistent with previous findings.
Surescripts is focused on interoperability, through e-prescribing and a record locator and exchange to allow electronic queries for health records from other providers. CEO Tom Skelton said, however, that patient access to health data and interoperability are different, and access needs to be accomplished as soon as possible, while interoperability will take longer.
Precision medicine has great promise, but starting a precision medicine initiative is complex and expensive, says James Weese, vice president of Aurora Cancer Care at Advocate Aurora Health, which launched a program two years ago. The value of any precision medicine initiative cannot be judged by financial effects alone but also depends on institutional, patient and health care provider perspectives on its value, Weese says.
Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia is offering Israeli companies $1 million for developing new health care technology solutions and helping them break into the US health care market. The initiative, in partnership with the Israel Innovation Authority, will provide funding to four companies, which will have access to Thomas Jefferson's academic medical center facilities.
Applications are being taken for Health Level Seven International's Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources accelerator program. The program will facilitate adoption of the FHIR standard by connecting health care organizations with support such as self-service templates, contracted project management and infrastructure services.
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