Women with stage III epithelial ovarian cancer who underwent primary cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy had 49.8 months' median survival and 60.3% three-year overall survival rates, compared with 34 months' median survival and 49.5% three-year OS among those who received PCS alone, and the greatest benefit of combined treatment was found among those who were given complete PCS, according to a study in JAMA Network Open. Researchers also found that PCS and HIPEC didn't correlate with postoperative severe morbidity or mortality.
Black patients with recurrent prostate cancer enrolled in clinical trials had a nearly fourfold higher likelihood of undergoing F-18 fluciclovine PET instead of the more effective Ga-68 PSMA-11 PET, compared with white patients, according to a study published in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine. The findings indicate possible racial gaps in imaging research trial access and show "the essential need for more studies of this kind in radiology as a critical precondition for developing policies and procedures that can identify and eliminate structural barriers to equitable care delivery," researchers wrote.
Hispanic patients with multiple sclerosis had greater Expanded Disability Status Scale scores at baseline, increased odds of having transverse myelitis and optic neuritis and a higher risk of transitioning from relapsing-remitting MS to secondary progressive MS at a younger age, compared with whites, researchers reported in the Journal of Neuroimaging. MRI scans also showed that Hispanic patients had lower overall normalized brain, basal ganglia, cortex, corpus callosum and white matter volumes, as well as elevated baseline T2 lesion and lateral ventricular volumes, which were tied to EDSS scores, while lower thalamic volume at baseline foretold EDSS progression in Hispanics with higher-risk MS.
More rigorous disinfection policies due to the COVID-19 pandemic have accelerated the discontinuation of lead apron use for patient shielding during X-ray exams at Yale New Haven Hospital and other health providers. Radiation risks from X-rays have become "extremely low to the point where no one can quantify it," and studies have shown that lead shielding may only increase radiation exposure, said Adel Mustafa of Yale School of Medicine.
The FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health has released an updated Electronic Product Radiation Control variance application process for manufacturers that includes variance-related form changes and an optional but recommended cover sheet with more information. The update also removes the need for separate application submissions to the Dockets Management Staff.
Researchers found that a predictive analytics tool based on samples from 70 individuals with stage 0 cancer yielded 90% accuracy in identifying cancer recurrence and spread, as well as 96% accuracy in determining aggressive and non-aggressive disease. The findings were published in the American Journal of Physiology -- Cell Physiology.
A study in PLOS Medicine showed that people with morbid obesity and pharmacologically treated hypertension who underwent metabolic surgery had lower odds of major adverse cardiovascular events, acute coronary syndrome events and cerebrovascular events, compared with those who didn't receive surgery.
TTG Imaging Solutions and Medical Imaging Electronics have entered an agreement allowing TTG to exclusively distribute MiE's Ancoris cardiac PET imaging system in the US.
An ordinance passed by the Berkeley City Council in California will ban less healthful foods and snacks from grocery store aisles right by check-out registers. The ordinance, which will go into effect in March 2021, includes foods with 5 grams or more of added sugars and 200 milligrams or more of sodium, gum and mints with added sugars, and beverages with added sugars or artificial sweeteners.
Registered dietitian Mandy Layman says it is not uncommon for children to lose their appetite when sick with the flu, but she encourages parents to push fluids throughout the day and offer soft fruits and vegetables that also help with hydration. RD Kacie Barnes offers her children ice pops for hydration, but Layman said foods and drinks with high sugar content should be limited because they can worsen diarrhea.