Patients with human papillomavirus-positive throat cancer who received standard cisplatin chemotherapy had a substantially higher two-year overall survival rate, as well as fewer recurrences and deaths over six years, compared with those who were given cetuximab, according to a study in The Lancet. Researchers found similar toxicity and side effects with the treatments.
The FDA gave Spectrum Dynamics 510(k) clearance for its VERITON-CT 64 SPECT/CT system, a digital wide-bore scanner that features 360-degree multidetector geometry and provides threefold higher volumetric sensitivity and twofold increased throughput, compared with conventional dual-head analog SPECT cameras.
Hermes Medical Solutions launched its Hybrid3D selective internal radiation therapy software, which offers FDA-approved technetium-99m macroaggregated albumin dose planning using glass and resin microspheres and yttrium-90 microsphere dose verification.
A study of US and Canadian programs published in the American Journal of Roentgenology showed that only eight of 59 faculty members in nuclear medicine with leadership roles were female, and only about 13% and 12.5% held first- and second-in-command roles, respectively, compared with 87% and 87.5% of men. "This discrepancy calls for new strategies to promote diversity in leadership and academia in nuclear medicine," researchers concluded.
The improvement method called deliberate practice can enhance social work through its use of focused training, expert supervision and regular self-evaluation, veteran social services worker Dustin MacDonald writes. He cites research tying effectiveness of clinicians to the amount of time spent in deliberate practice.
His elementary and middle school teaching experience pushed Gordon Capp into social work as a way to address children's deeper needs, and now he's working to add to his ranks. Capp is developing a training program for school social workers at California State University at Fullerton.
A Maine advocacy group is asking child welfare workers and agencies statewide for suggestions on how to improve the system, motivated by two children's deaths within the past year, allegedly at the hands of caregivers. Reforms enacted by the legislature last summer, including $21.2 million in new funding, left more to be done, the Maine Children's Alliance declared.
Patients with chronic hepatitis B older than 50 years should be monitored for hepatocellular carcinoma, according to an analysis presented at The Liver Meeting 2018. The study evaluated 1,427 patients from 10 centers who took part in the PAGE-B trial and found that after more than five years of treatment, a transient elastography found that 8.4% of the population had cirrhosis, which was associated with development of HCC.
Researchers found that 59.1% of Japanese infants born between 2003 and 2012 with a birth weight of 500 grams or lower had a neurodevelopmental disability at age 3, with no significant changes in the prevalence of NDI during the time frame. The findings in Pediatrics also showed that NDI had a significant association with male sex, severe intraventricular hemorrhage, severe necrotizing enterocolitis, cystic periventricular leukomalacia and patent ductus arteriosus ligation.
Many patients are asked if they have a living will or advance directive, but how many nurses have prepared for the end of life? Leslie McRae-Matthews says nurses can begin planning by starting conversations and preparing a living will/advance directive with guidance of the Five Wishes project.