Researchers at Bar-Ilan University in Israel developed a breakthrough X-ray technique using ghost imaging for quick imaging speeds and elevated spatial resolution that may be able to see biological processes not captured by other X-ray imaging. The approach was described in the journal Optics Express.
Researchers examined 106 older adults with familial Alzheimer's disease risk and 117 adults with the APOE4 gene mutation associated with Alzheimer's and found that higher educational attainment levels correlated with reduced beta-amyloid plaque accumulation among those with familial early-onset Alzheimer's, while more than 16 years of education was associated with a nearly twofold lower beta-amyloid buildup, compared with fewer than 10 years of education in both groups. The findings in Neurology suggest "that education may be somewhat protective, perhaps promoting brain resistance against these plaques, just as it has been shown to be in people with unknown causes of the disease," said researcher Sylvia Villeneuve.
People with tinnitus had 1.54 times and 1.56 times increased odds of developing Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, respectively, after adjusting for head injuries, diabetes and income, compared with those who didn't have tinnitus, according to a study in Scientific Reports. The findings prompted researchers to suggest that underlying processes linked to Alzheimer's and/or Parkinson's progression may be driving tinnitus clinical features.
A proposed CMS rule would change how quality ratings on the Hospital Compare website are calculated, replacing latent variable modeling for quality measure group scores with a "simple average of measure scores to calculate measure group scores," the proposed rule states. The proposal also calls for consolidating the measure groups of effectiveness of care, timeliness of care and efficient use of medical imaging into a single Timely and Effective Care measure group.
The number of physicians affiliated with a health care system increased from 40% to 51% from 2016 to 2018, researchers reported in Health Affairs. Among primary care physicians the increase was from 38% to 49%.
An ACC expert consensus decision pathway published in the Journal of the Amercian College of Cardiology said SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists can be used to reduce risks for major adverse cardiovacular events in patients with type 2 diabetes. "These therapies were initially developed to treat blood glucose in patients with diabetes and now have been shown to have important cardiovascular benefits," said Dr. Brendan Everet, co-chair of the writing committee.
A study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology found most young adults with premature coronary artery disease who had a myocardial infarction did not meet criteria for the use of preventive statin therapy before their attack. Researchers said younger MI survivors also were less likely to be eligible for secondary prevention with nonstatin lipid-lowering treatment, compared with older adults.
Researchers evaluated seven febrile infants ages 60 days or younger who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and found that four were admitted from the hospital emergency department and three were direct transfers from outside hospitals. The findings in Pediatrics also showed that none of the patients had severe outcomes, required supplemental oxygen or had abnormal chest X-ray findings.
Nurses and nursing students at the Southern Illinois University School of Nursing are part of an outreach program aimed at bringing free COVID-19 testing to communities through the Madison County Mobile Testing program. Valerie Griffin, a doctor of nursing practice with SIU's School of Nursing, said the program is a "wonderful interdisciplinary and multi-institutional collaboration" that gives students training in COVID-19 education and clinical experience in underserved and rural health areas.
Officials say almost 40% of daily new COVID-19 cases in Illinois are in downstate areas, and Danny Chun of the Illinois Hospital Association says hospitals statewide are watching and concerned. Gov. JB Pritzker said the trend is that COVID-19 is spreading most among people in their 20s.