The Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations and scientists at Imperial College London are developing a vaccine platform based on synthetic self-amplifying RNA that could be customized quickly by inserting genomic material to prevent specific infections, such as influenza, Ebola, Marburg and rabies viruses. The researchers plan to begin safety trials in animals early next year and move to human trials within two years.
Surgeries to remove sarcoma from the jaw of a young cheetah at New Mexico's BioPark Zoo have been successful, spokesman Greg Jackson says. The cheetah had undergone surgery at Fossil Rim Wildlife Center in Texas, where he was born, but tissue samples taken before he arrived at BioPark Zoo revealed the presence of cancer cells, requiring the subsequent surgery.
Severely brachycephalic cats and dogs are viral sensations on social media networks, but veterinarians warn that the animals experience a host of health issues, such as dental problems, breathing difficulties and problems with tear ducts and mucus membranes. "The unfortunate thing is that some unethical people have seen the demand and tried to take advantage of it, which is awful for companion animal owners but also the breeders who are trying to do the right thing," says veterinarian Anne Fawcett.
The AVMA, the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association and the Federation of Veterinarians of Europe issued a joint statement with recommendations for oversight of antimicrobial use, mitigation of antimicrobial resistance and ensuring access to critical antimicrobials for veterinary and human use. "This joint statement is an important step in recognizing ways we can work together to prevent resistance and ensure antimicrobials continue to be used judiciously in animals," said AVMA President Dr. John de Jong.
A survey of patient attitudes toward colorectal cancer screening by the VA Ann Arbor Healthcare system found that patients who are told by their physician there is little benefit in continuing colonoscopy screenings still want to continue them. The research also explored patient perceptions of screening effectiveness and threat of CRC as well as patient comfort with screening cessation. More than 49% of those surveyed said physicians should not consider age in determining when to stop screening.
The rate of health care spending growth slowed for the second year in a row, according to HHS. Health care spending growth increased by 3.9% in 2017, compared with a 4.8% increase in 2016, the report noted, and 2017 private insurance and Medicaid spending growth slowed while Medicare cost growth rate stayed about the same.
An antitrust lawsuit that began over two drugs in 2016 has expanded to an investigation of alleged price-fixing at over 16 companies and 300 drugs. Joseph Nielsen, an assistant attorney general and antitrust investigator leading the case, said, "This is most likely the largest cartel in the history of the United States."
Data released by the CMS show growth in spending on pharmacy-dispensed drugs decreased from 2.3% in 2016 to 0.4% last year. CMS says that lower drug price increases and more patients started on generics led to the spending slowdown.