Recent research linked Western diets high in meat products to adverse environmental effects, and registered dietitian nutritionist Sharon Palmer said studies consistently show that reducing consumption of animal food and eating a plant-based diet can reduce the impact on the planet. Palmer said while a vegetarian or vegan diet is not for everyone, people can adopt a flexitarian diet plan, in which they reduce but don't give up meat.
A study in the Journal of the American Medical Association, which included more than 1,400 adults who had roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, linked the rate of regained weight to the likelihood of future health problems. Researchers said a person who lost 150 pounds after surgery but regained 28 pounds had a 51% higher risk of diabetes progression and a 28% higher risk of decreasing physical-health-related quality of life.
Medical scribes may help reduce the EHR documentation burdens facing primary care physicians, researchers reported in JAMA Internal Medicine. The study linked the use of scribes with improvements in productivity and job satisfaction among physicians.
Canadian researchers found that a prognostic tool containing 12 variables, such as age-, alcohol- or tobacco-related items and worry- or stress-related items, yielded a 0.77 concordance-statistic and showed good calibration in determining teens likely to initiate cigarette smoking. The findings were published in Pediatrics.
Adolescents with self-harm and suicidality and those with self-harm alone had more clinical care visits and reduced global functioning, as well as higher odds of developing psychosocial problems and at least one comorbid mental disorder, compared with controls, according to a study in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Researchers also found that those with self-harm and suicidality were significantly more likely to undergo recurrent clinical care than those in the self-harm-only group and had the highest risk for drug misuse, criminal activity and social welfare recipiency across all groups.
The fatality rates among all people involved in a car crash rise 51% when adolescents are driving with only teen passengers, compared with an 8% decrease when teen drivers have passengers at least 35 years old, finds a study from the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. The findings, based on 2016 US data, also showed that more than 1 million crashes that year involved teen drivers, resulting in more than 3,200 deaths.
The ICU admission rate from 2006 to 2015 decreased from 6,117 per 100,000 person-years to 4,247 per 100,000 person-years for Medicare fee-for-service patients, according to a research letter in the Annals of Internal Medicine. ICU admission rates decreased in all states but Nebraska, and the number of hospitalizations that included an ICU stay nationwide dropped from 17% to 16.3%.
Scientists say data show that whole-genome sequencing in the NICU to diagnosis genetic disorders early can save lives and reduce health costs. Only a few hospitals offer whole-genome sequencing for infants, but as technology costs go down more hospitals may add programs.
More veterinary professionals are administering chemotherapy as Americans' willingness to spend money on their pets grows, increasing veterinarians' and technicians' exposure to potentially harmful drugs. The US Pharmacopeial Convention's USP 800 standards for handling chemotherapy drugs and other hazardous materials in all medical settings are scheduled to take effect in December 2019, and a consensus statement published this year offers guidelines for minimizing risk in veterinary settings.
The CDC is warning chicken owners not to dress up their fowl for Halloween amid an outbreak of drug-resistant Salmonella. The CDC also says people should not cuddle chickens and should sanitize surfaces that have come into contact with raw poultry.