A work climate that permits sexual harassment and assault is believed to be a factor behind deaths by suicide of female military veterans, which occur at a rate twice that of female civilians. Critics say failure by superiors to act on complaints in the service is compounded by inadequate assistance afterward by the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Canadian researchers found that patients with type 1 diabetes in the 150%, 100% and 50% study arms reduced their adjusted mean plasma glucose levels after receiving a bolus insulin correction based on their own insulin correction factor 15 minutes after engaging in 25-minute sessions of high-intensity interval training, compared with the 0% arm who had a further increase in plasma glucose levels. The findings in Diabetes Care, based on 17 physically active patients with a mean age of 35, showed that three hours after insulin correction, hypoglycemic events were rare in all study arms and remained low over the next 21 hours, but were more frequent in the 150% and 100% arms.
Low self-efficacy and fear of hypoglycemia and other complications were negatively associated with the quality of life among young adults with type 1 diabetes, according to a study in The Diabetes Educator. Researchers used a cohort of 180 patients ages 18 to 35 and found that those who used an insulin pump had higher scores in quality of life, self-reported self-efficacy and self-management, compared with nonusers of insulin pumps.
Researchers recruited 525 patients with diabetes and found that fasting-evoked en route hypoglycemia events were more likely to happen among those who fasted before a blood cholesterol test and could lead to life-threatening accidents. The findings in the International Journal of Endocrinology revealed that "FEEHD is overlooked in clinical practice, and we aim to bring this problem to light and further educate doctors and patients about the consequences of fasting while on diabetes medications," said study author Saleh Aldasouqi.
A study in the Journal of Diabetes showed that patients with peripheral artery disease and diabetes diagnosis based on A1C levels had a higher all-cause mortality risk after undergoing vascular surgery than those with normal A1C levels. Norwegian researchers evaluated 273 patients with unknown glycemic status and found a 79% rate of all-cause mortality among those with diagnosed diabetes.
HR executives responding to a Buck survey said having workers who are financially and physically fit can increase productivity, job satisfaction and retention. Of those surveyed, 84% said not being financially fit could lead to financial instability, 52% said it could reduce productivity and 47% said it could lead to higher health care costs.
Fayetteville, Ark., and the University of Arkansas are sharing the cost of a full-time bicycle and pedestrian coordinator to help those who use the city's 43 miles of shared-use trails and 30 miles of on-street bikeways. Dane Eifling will create bicyclist and pedestrian education and safety programs and will work to raise awareness about walking and biking availability in northwest Arkansas.
Studies presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium found that women who participated in an exercise program after breast cancer surgery had better maximal oxygen consumption and lost weight, compared with women who received usual care.
CDC researchers reported that 25.2% of nonsmokers in the US were exposed to secondhand smoke in 2014, down from 87.5% in 1988, but the prevalence of secondhand smoke exposure held steady from 2011 to 2012 and from 2013 to 2014. The findings in the agency's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report also showed the highest secondhand smoke exposure among those who lived with smokers in the home, blacks, those living in poverty, those in rental housing, those ages 3 to 11, and those with less than a high school education.
A study that included more than 25,000 women and was published in JAMA Network Open linked following a Mediterranean diet to a 25% lower risk of cardiovascular disease over 12 years. Researchers evaluated nine blood biomarkers and found that changes in inflammation, blood sugar and BMI had the most significant effects on reducing the risk of heart disease.
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