Even two minutes of any physical activity -- taking the stairs, walking the dog or carrying out the trash -- can add up to significant health benefits, such as improved blood pressure, enhanced brain function and reduced risk of cancer and weight gain, according to the updated physical activity guidelines published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The guidelines also recommend at least three hours of physical activity daily for children up to age 5 and at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous activity for those ages 6 to 17, while pregnant and postpartum women should engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise weekly.
Merck's Keytruda, or pembrolizumab, was approved by the FDA to treat patients with hepatocellular carcinoma following treatment with sorafenib. In a clinical trial, patients who received Keytruda achieved a partial response rate of 16% and a complete response rate of 1%.
The Leapfrog Group unveiled its fall 2018 safety grades for more than 2,600 acute care hospitals in the US, giving an A to 32% of hospitals and a B to 24%. New Jersey, Oregon, Virginia, Massachusetts and Texas had the highest percentage of A-grade hospitals, while Connecticut, Nebraska, Delaware, North Dakota and Washington, D.C., had the lowest percentage of A facilities.
Cultural backgrounds and income levels may bring about differences in how children and adolescents cope with natural disasters, a study by two assistant professors of social work has found. The University of Illinois researchers noted that kids and teens from lower socioeconomic groups tended to provide support from within more than those who had greater access to services.
A plethora of direct-to-consumer pet gene testing kits have hit the market, and a growing number of veterinary clients bring DNA reports with them to appointments. But the tests are not subject to standards or regulations to ensure they are accurate or reliable, says Aimee Llewellyn-Zaidi, project director for the Harmonization of Genetic Testing for Dogs, and interpretation of test results is difficult.
Early-bird registration has opened for the 2019 AWHONN Annual Convention in Atlanta, GA from June 8-12. The AWHONN Annual Convention is where nurses gather to gain the latest evidence-based practice, discover new products and resources and re-connect with colleagues. Join us in Atlanta to learn and leave inspired! Register, reserve your hotel stay, and bookmark our page to stay in the loop on the latest convention news.
Patients with type 2 diabetes experienced an increased fiber network density at day one and day seven after a hypoglycemic event, compared with a decrease at day seven after euglycemia, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Researchers evaluated 23 patients with and without diabetes and no history of cardiovascular disease and found that during acute hypoglycemia, both groups had an increase in platelet aggregation and reactivity, which were resolved at recovery, while euglycemic hyperinsulinemia led to improved fibrinolytic efficiency and reduced fibrin clot density and platelet reactivity.
Researchers used a cohort of 1,440 patients with diabetes from the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial and found that every 10 percentage point-drop in time in range during continuous glucose monitoring was associated with a 64% increase in the hazard rate for retinopathy progression and a 40% increase in microalbuminuria rate. The findings in Diabetes Care revealed that "TIR is strongly associated with the risk of microvascular complications and should be an acceptable end point for clinical trials," researchers said.
A study in Diabetes Care showed that type 2 diabetes patients who used mDiabetes, a smartphone-based app with an individualized diabetes management algorithm, significantly improved their A1C levels and had more significant A1C reductions below the 7.0% threshold after 24 weeks, compared with those who used a paper logbook. South Korean researchers recruited 172 patients, ages 19 to 80, and found that 31.1% of those in the mDiabetes group experienced a drop in A1C levels below 7.0% without experiencing hypoglycemia, compared with 17.1% among those in the logbook group.
Officials at Upstate University Hospital in Syracuse, N.Y., discovered Sept. 12 that a former employee accessed the medical records of 1,216 patients without authorization between Nov. 3, 2016, and Oct. 23, 2017. The incident compromised patients' diagnoses, medical record numbers, demographic information, prescription lists and other medical information, such as dates when they received care and the services received.
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