The percentage of US adults with diabetes rose from 10.8% in 2008 to 2009 to 11.5% in 2016 to 2017, while obesity rates increased from 26.0% to 28.3%, according to the Gallup-Sharecare Well-Being Index. West Virginia had the highest diabetes rate at 17.9%, compared with less than 9% in Alaska, Colorado and Montana.
Data-sharing between government units in child welfare remains underdeveloped even though it would immensely benefit recipients through evidence-based care, writes Shell Culp of Public Consulting Group. Funding and direction for modernization are available through the Comprehensive Child Welfare Information System Final Rule and the Family First Prevention Services Act, Culp writes.
Australian researchers found that parents of children with type 1 diabetes had significantly lower Hypoglycemia Fear Survey scores when their children used a remote continuous glucose monitoring system over three months, compared with when the children used conventional blood glucose monitoring for three months. The findings in Diabetes Care, based on 49 children ages 2 to 12 and their parents, also revealed an improved quality of life and parental sleep, as well as lower parental stress levels, after the remote monitoring period than the control period.
A study in The BMJ showed that diabetes patients who took SGLT2 inhibitors, such as canagliflozin, dapagliflozin and empagliflozin, were at a twofold higher risk of lower limb amputation and diabetic ketoacidosis, compared with users of GLP-1 receptor agonists. Researchers analyzed data on 34,426 diabetes patients from Sweden and Denmark and noted that, based on their findings, patients at high amputation risk "might be monitored more closely if SGLT2 inhibitors are used, and the risk of this adverse event may be considered when deciding on which drugs to use," said lead researcher Dr. Peter Ueda.
Researchers used a cohort of 80 adults with and without overweight or obesity and found those who maintained weight loss had the same amounts of physical activity throughout the week and weekend, compared with a decline in physical activity over the weekend among those in the overweight/obesity group. The findings, presented at ObesityWeek, revealed that weight-loss maintainers were also more active within three hours of waking up and in the early morning and early afternoon during the week than the normal-weight and overweight/obesity groups.
A CDC report found that the suicide rate among Americans of working age rose by 34% from 2000 to 2016, and some jobs are associated with higher risk than others. Researchers analyzed the occupations of over 22,000 people who died of suicide in 17 states and found rates were highest in construction and extraction fields for men and in arts, design, entertainment, sports and media for women.
California's Department of Managed Health Care has approved the proposed $69 billion merger between CVS Health and Aetna on the condition that they would keep premium hikes to a minimum after the deal. Company leaders also agreed not to raise premiums as a result of acquisition costs and to invest $240 million in the state's health care delivery system.
The FDA on Thursday announced that it will ban the sale of most flavored tobacco products, including e-cigarettes, in convenience stores and most other traditional retail outlets to reduce the prevalence of vaping among youths. The sale of sweet- and fruit-flavored tobacco products is limited to age-restricted stores or online merchants that use age-verification checks under the new restrictions, and the agency also plans to seek a ban on menthol cigarettes and flavored cigars.
A Financial Finesse report showed the financial health of employees improved when they were continuously engaged in a financial wellness program, and retirement contribution rates increased by 38%. The report found this trend also leads to a reduction in the average age at which workers can retire and replace 80% of their income.
Hennepin County in Minnesota began offering an employee wellness program in 1982, and the current HealthWorks initiative, open to its more than 11,000 employees, spouses and retirees, includes stress reduction, weight management and exercise. The county estimates the $1.4 million program could save $2.8 million by preventing illness and workplace burnout.
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