CDC officials have confirmed 695 measles cases across 22 states this year, a record high since the disease was thought to have been eliminated in the US in 2000. A UNICEF report also showed an estimated 169 million children did not receive a first dose of the measles vaccine between 2010 and 2017, fueling outbreaks around the world, and of high-income nations, the US had the most children who went unvaccinated during that period.
President Donald Trump praised his administration's efforts in addressing the opioid abuse crisis and vowed to hold pharmaceutical firms accountable for their role in the epidemic. Speaking at a substance abuse summit in Atlanta, Trump added that his administration is "working very strong on drug pricing, it's coming way down."
The marketplace has evolved and voluntary benefits have moved into the mainstream as employers see how they intersect with employee financial wellness, according to Prudential Group Insurance's Jessica Vanscavish. Employers offering high-deductible health plans are seeing that voluntary benefits can help workers with expenses that may not be true medical expenses, Vanscavish said.
WakeMed Hospital in Raleigh, N.C., has launched the first US medical drone delivery program approved by the Federal Aviation Administration to transport blood and urine samples from the hospital to its primary testing lab in three-minute flights on a daily basis. The flights are conducted in partnership with drone manufacturer Matternet and the United Parcel Service, using drones that can travel 12.5 miles with a load of up to 5 pounds.
Patients with type 2 diabetes and stiffer arteries -- measured by ankle-brachial index, brachial pulse pressure and carotid artery distension -- were at an increased risk for stroke, a cardiovascular event and vascular and all-cause mortality than those without arterial stiffness, according to a study in Diabetic Medicine. Dutch researchers analyzed data from the Second Manifestations of Arterial Disease study involving 1,910 adults, mean age of 61, and found that a 0.1-point drop in ankle-brachial index ratio was associated with an increased risk for a CV event and overall and vascular mortality.
Researchers recruited 83 adults with type 1 diabetes, ages 18 to 65, and found that diabetes distress and negative affect before eating significantly raised the risk for objective binge eating, which could possibly lead to increased postprandial blood glucose levels. The findings in the Journal of Eating Disorders also revealed a higher mean change in postmeal negative affect and blood glucose level at 120 minutes postprandial for OBE episodes, compared with non-OBE episodes.
A study in the journal Science Translational Medicine showed that individuals who ate a meal that contained 1 gram of the additive propionate experienced an increase in insulin and insulin resistance levels, as well as in hormone levels, compared with those on placebo. Researchers conducted a double blind study involving 14 people without diabetes and found that although both groups had the same increases in blood glucose levels after the meal, levels took slightly longer to return to baseline among those in the propionate group than the placebo group.
The CMS sent a letter to state Medicaid directors urging them to test new health care models to better address the needs of Americans who are eligible for both Medicare and Medicaid, who often suffer from chronic conditions and face socioeconomic challenges. The agency urged states to consider three models: capitated financial alignment, allowing states and health insurance providers to enter joint agreements for a capitated amount; managed fee-for-service, allowing states to share in Medicare savings where care is covered on a fee-for-service basis; and state-specific models, which would permit the CMS to test state-developed new models for care coordination, integration and more.
A study in JAMA Network Open found patients were more likely to survive complex cancer surgeries when the procedure was performed at a top-ranked cancer hospital rather than at the hospitals' affiliates. The findings, based on data from 29,228 Medicare beneficiaries, showed patients who underwent complex cancer surgery at affiliated hospitals had higher 90-day mortality rates, from a 1.32 odds ratio for those who underwent colectomy to a 2.04 odds ratio for those who underwent gastrectomy.
A Kaiser Health News analysis found the number of homeless people dying across Los Angeles County, Calif., surged by 76% from 2014 through 2018, and at least a quarter of those deaths were directly linked to drugs and alcohol abuse. Experts said the increase reflects a rising number of chronically homeless people and a greater tendency to not use shelters, leaving people with serious physical and behavioral health issues on the streets.
- Page 1