Researchers found that more than 75% of 156 medical students from radiology interest groups at US medical schools said artificial intelligence would play a major role in their careers, 66% said AI would most significantly affect diagnostic radiology, and 44% said AI curbed their enthusiasm regarding radiology. The findings, published in Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology, also showed that while most free-text responses regarding the role of AI in radiology were neutral, negative responses had greater detail, prompting researchers to suggest that AI and related data science principles be included in medical school curricula to help dispel misperceptions about the potential harms of AI in radiology.
The US marked another record spike in COVID-19 cases Tuesday, logging 60,021 new infections and bringing the total to more than 3 million, with California, Arizona, Florida and Texas accounting for nearly half of new cases in recent days. An analysis of COVID-19 data showed the number of cases has risen by at least 5% in 37 states during the last seven days, while hospitalizations have risen by at least 5% in 24 states.
Fifty-six percent of radiologists who included their contact information in their radiology reports at least 75% of the time reported greater patient contact, and many said the interactions were satisfying, according to a study in the American Journal of Roentgenology. "We encourage radiology groups around the country to consider including radiologist contact information in radiology reports on the basis of the positive experiences of our private practice group," researchers wrote.
Researchers have developed Paradigm II, a novel breast cancer risk model that contains 93 relationships that play a role in breast cancer likelihood, with patient age being the strongest risk factor. The model, described in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, may better inform controllable and public policy-influenced breast cancer risk factors, researchers wrote.
Radiologists should review protocols for determining and supporting victims of intimate partner violence, as well as provide staff training to implement the protocols, amid a spike in prevalence across the US during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to an editorial in European Radiology. The pandemic, which has worsened current social issues, "presents an opportunity for radiologists to use their diagnostic competence to make a difference," researchers wrote.
Artificial intelligence won't displace radiologists' role in decision making and will continue to be radiologists' "amiable apprentice" in patient care, according to an opinion article by John Banja of Emory University in Radiology: Artificial Intelligence. The effects of picture archiving and communication system integration, mergers and acquisitions, regulatory efforts, reimbursement and ethical requirements on AI remain unclear, but addressing these issues could boost professional excellence in radiology, Banja said.
A study in the Journal of Digital Imaging found that a breakthrough artificial intelligence platform using over 9,000 femoral neck fracture images yielded 92% accuracy in distinguishing radiographs with and without fractures and 86% accuracy when Garden fractures were added to the images. "An automated tool which would prioritize positive femoral neck fracture cases on a radiology work list and provide a second opinion to the interpreting physician would be a valuable addition to the emergency radiology workflow," researchers wrote.
The rate of children with complex or chronic conditions increased among those with private insurance and Medicaid from 2010 to 2017, according to a study in Pediatrics, but while there was a small decrease in readmission rates overall, rates dropped more rapidly among patients with private insurance. Readmission rate decreases were similar, however, when adjusted for risks.
Vice President Mike Pence said supplies of personal protective equipment remain strong, but the Trump administration will still release guidance encouraging front-line health care workers to "preserve and reuse" PPE. He also said that states that have reported a recent increase in COVID-19 cases must do more to restrict public gatherings to slow the spread of the virus.
Black patients who undergo angioplasty have a greater risk of heart attack or death several years after the procedure compared with white patients, according to an analysis of data from 10 clinical trials. The disparities persisted even after accounting for health factors such as smoking habits and underlying conditions, researchers reported in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Interventions.
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