CDC officials said the number of confirmed measles rose by 14, reaching 1,123 cases in 28 states as of July 11. Increases in the number of new measles cases have been smaller in the past few weeks, and no newly affected states have reported since June 10, according to the CDC.
Bayer's Gadavist, or gadobutrol, has received the FDA's approval for use in patients with coronary artery disease undergoing cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Gadavist is the first and only injectable contrast agent approved for evaluation of adult patients diagnosed with or suspected of having coronary artery disease.
The mean weight of adult domestic cats in the US and Canada rose about a half-pound between 1995 and 2005 before leveling off, according to research published in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. The study of data on more than 19 million cats did not determine what a healthy weight is or why cats are heavier, and the researchers say more studies are needed on links between weight and health.
The sleep cycle of zebrafish is similar to that of humans, with periods of slow burst and propagating wave sleep as well as some similarities to what's seen in humans during rapid eye movement, and the fish's brain and muscle signatures and sleep-regulating hormones are also similar to those found in mammals, researchers reported in Nature. The findings suggest that zebrafish might be good models for human sleep disorders and for testing sleep drugs.
Individuals with at least three components of metabolic syndrome were more likely to develop psoriasis than those without MetS, according to a study published in Metabolism. Findings also showed that those with obesity and severe obesity also had an increased risk of psoriasis compared with those of normal weight.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is common in people with type 2 diabetes and connected to cardiometabolic abnormalities, but weight loss may reduce cardiovascular risks in these patients, Dr. Samuel Klein, director of the Center for Human Nutrition at Washington University School of Medicine, told the Heart in Diabetes conference. "NAFLD and CVD are part of the constellation of metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity, and more people who have NAFLD die from CVD than from liver disease," Klein said.
Researchers followed 420 participants on a weight-loss program for 20 weeks and found that those who ate lunch before 3 p.m. had more significant weight loss compared with those who ate lunch later, despite having the same daily calorie intake and same amount of sleep and exercise. The study was published in the International Journal of Obesity.
An analysis of data involving 16,992 cases of anorexia nervosa and 55,525 controls worldwide suggest that metabolic factors may play a role in the development of the eating disorder. Published in Nature Genetics, findings showed that metabolic bases, including lipids, glycemic and anthropometric traits, overlap with the genetic basis of anorexia nervosa, which is independent of the genetic effects influencing body mass index.
A study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine involving 49,000 participants found that moderate-intensity dancing helped reduce the risk of heart disease mortality more than walking. Findings from a separate study published in Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience showed that learning the choreography of a country dance was associated with a slowing down of natural brain aging and stimulating one of the brain's key areas.
A report from the Medical Group Management Association identifies seven areas where artificial intelligence could change health care: clinical trials, image processing, health data security, drug research, virtual nursing assistants, diagnoses and robotic surgery.
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