The symptoms most commonly reported with postnatal Zika infection were rash, fever, conjunctivitis and joint pain, similar to symptoms of other infections. No neurologic symptoms were reported, according to the study of 141 children in Clinical Infectious Diseases.
A randomized study in The New England Journal of Medicine found that preterm babies with thrombocytopenia who received prophylactic platelet transfusions at thresholds of 50,000 platelets per cubic millimeter had higher rates of major bleeding and death over the next 28 days than infants given transfusions at thresholds of 25,000 platelets. However, no significant difference was seen in the rate of serious adverse events, including renal or respiratory failure, multi-organ failure, necrotizing enterocolitis and sepsis.
Two students at Washington State University created the camera-integrated smartphone app Appiture in order to help diagnose autism in children by examining how their eyes adjust to light. "When you shine a light in your eye, your pupil will shrink. For children with autism and in the research, we've seen, the time it takes for their pupil to shrink takes longer," developer TJ Goble said.
The FDA has stepped up enforcement at the retail and manufacturing levels to reduce youth access to e-cigarettes. The AAFP supports the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids' Kick Butts Day, which is today, and has created a special webpage offering resources for family physicians and patients.
A report in Family Medicine details a strategy implemented at the Boston Medical Center Family Medicine Residency Program that helped increase diversity by recruiting more minority physicians. Key takeaways include the importance of having a dedicated diversity director, looking outside of medicine for innovation, in-house support and using blind structured interviews and standardized questions.
Although many pet owners prefer the idea of a "natural death" for their animals, the reality is that letting nature take its course in companion animals often involves prolonged suffering that animals tend to conceal. Veterinarian Alice Villalobos urges owners to think about pets' quality of life when determining whether it's time to say goodbye, and she developed a checklist to help with decision-making.
When a 5-year-old double doodle named Nyla developed advanced dilated cardiomyopathy, her veterinarian thought her grain-free diet might have played a role and reported the case to the FDA. The agency has received 300 reports of DCM since starting an investigation, and of the nearly 200 reports involving dogs that ate just one type of food, 90% involved diets that were labeled grain-free.
Semen taken from a ram and frozen in 1968 was used to impregnate dozens of Merino ewes, birth rates were comparable to those involving semen frozen for 12 months, and the resulting lambs are healthy. The findings could have implications for breeding, conservation and human health in the case of treatments that can compromise fertility.
Researchers found that adolescents ages 12 to 17 were 5.2 times more likely to purchase e-cigarettes from drugstores than from other places, and 4.4 times and 3.3 times more likely to buy them from vape stores and mall kiosks, respectively. The findings presented at the American Academy of Health Behavior's annual meeting were based on 2016 National Youth Tobacco Survey data involving almost 1,600 youths.
The American Academy of Pediatrics issued an updated policy statement in Pediatrics recommending blood pressure measurements in youths with certain risk conditions before age 3. The statement also contains updated guidance on pediatric anemia risk assessments or screenings and lead exposure prevention strategies.
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